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Sky Guide: September

pillars of creation

Welcome to the Sky Guide, your monthly guide to what's happening in the heavens!
Check out the printable version here:  September-Sky-Guide.pdf

 

MOON MARAMA PHASES:

SUN  RISE / SUNSET

Phase

 

3rd Quarter

New Moon

1st Quarter

Full Moon

Date

 

Monday 3

Monday 10

Monday 17

Tuesday 25

Date

 

Saturday 1

Saturday 15

Sunday 30 (Daylight saving)

Rise

 

7.08am

6.41am

7.12am

Set

 

6.08pm

6.25pm

7.44pm

 

Planets Whetū Ao:

 

 

 

Venus

Meremere-tū-ahiahi

Early September before 9.49pm

Mid September before 9.51pm

Late September before 10.30pm

Mars

Matawhero

Early September before 5.31am

Mid September before 4.48am

Late September before 4.49am

Jupiter

Hine-i-tīweka

Early September before 11.40pm

Mid September before 10.56pm

Late September  before 11.11pm

Saturn

Pareārau

Early September before 3.18am

Mid September before 2.24am

Late September before 2.26am

In Virgo

In Capricornus

In Libra

In Sagittarius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEPTEMBER HEPETEMA HIGHLIGHTS

 

Centaurus and Lupus 

To the ancient Greeks, the constellation Centaurus was associated with Chiron, the leader of the centaurs. These mythical creatures were half-man and half-horse, and nearly all were aggressive and warlike. In contrast, immortal Chiron was considered wise and kind. He was released from his immortality and placed in the heavens by Zeus, after being accidently shot by a poisoned arrow.

To find Centaurus, first find Alpha (labelled Rigil Kentaurus on the star chart) and Beta Centauri. These two bright stars mark the centaur’s front legs. Lupus, which means “the wolf” in Latin, can be seen just north of these stars.

 

Ophiuchus and Serpens

Ophiuchus means “serpent-bearer” in Greek and is typically depicted as a man holding a snake, represented by the constellation Serpens. Ophiuchus is most frequently associated with Apollo’s son Asclepius who, after watching a snake revive another snake with healing herbs, was able to bring people back from the dead. Fearful of his powers, Zeus killed Asclepius but threw him into the sky to honour his gift.

While Ophiuchus is a very large constellation, it contains no bright stars and is often overlooked. To find Ophiuchus, first locate Scorpius and then scan north-west to find Serpens and Ophiuchus.

 

 Ophiuchus

 

 

Eagle Nebula

This 5.5-million-year-old nebula in the Serpens constellation is thought to have multiple star-forming regions, where stars like our sun are born. Of particular note is the iconic Pillars of Creation, which was made famous by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995. Although evidence suggests that the pillars may have been destroyed by a supernova 6000 years ago, we likely won’t witness their demise for another 1000 years because of the time it takes for light to travel from them to Earth.

The brightest stars and surrounding gas of the Eagle Nebula can be viewed with just a pair of binoculars or a telescope, however the pillars will only be visible in optimum conditions or with more powerful equipment. Find Epsilon Sagittarii, the brightest star in Sagittarius, and draw a line to the north. Follow this line down until you find the Eagle Nebula just south of the tail of Serpens.